how is grass planted on reclaimed mines

Switchgrass Biofuel Production on Reclaimed Surface Mines

on switchgrass yield on newly reclaimed, coarse-textured mine soils with no topsoil. The objective of experiment 2 was to determine the best establishment methods and fertilizer rate for switchgrass growth on two reclaimed surface mines in West Virginia that simulated common reclamation practices in the area with topsoiling.Switchgrass Biofuel Production on Reclaimed Surface Mines season perennial grass, is an important bioenergy crop candidate because it produces high biomass yields on marginal lands and on reclaimed surface mined sites. In companion studies, dry matter DM yields for Cave-in-Rock, Shawnee, and Carthage cultivars varied from 4.2 to 13.0 Mg ha−1averaged over 6 years at the reclaimedSwitchgrass Yield on Reclaimed Surface Mines for …01/05/2013& 0183;& 32;It is adapted to the tall grass prairie, and seeds should be planted at a depth of 0.6 to 1.2 cm to ensure good soil to seed contact Wolf and Fiske, on reclaimed surface mines are important considerations for mine operators interested in biofuel production as a postmining land use.Strip Mines: Aligning Reclamation with Conservation 29/07/2008& 0183;& 32;spreading topsoil from newly mined areas on those being reclaimed to reintroduce native plant species; and; saving patches of forest near new mines to provide sources of native seeds, many of which don’t disperse much farther than 10-15 meters. —Robin Meadows Holl, K.D. 2002.预计阅读时间:5 分钟Coal Mine ReclamationReclamation of Streams and WetlandsFederal RegulationsAlaska RegulationsReclamation ProcessSome coal deposits, such as at the proposed Chuitna Mine, occur beneath wetlands and streams. Dr. Margaret Palmer at the University of Maryland has written a reporthighlighting the potential difficulties in restoration of these areas. Most stream restoration science deals with the modifi ion of existing channels - the science of recreating a mined-through stream from scratch is untested. Wetland and peatland recl…在groundtruthtrekking.org上查看更多信息

Research focuses on reclaiming strip-mine sites for

18/05/2020& 0183;& 32;UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. — Strip mines are so common in rural Pennsylvania that many people are unfazed by the sight of rock-filled piles of dirt and tracts of barren land. Marvin Hall, a researcher in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences, is not one of those people. To him, all land has value, and his research efforts focus on bringing a highly productive life back to damaged land …Abundance of Grassland Sparrows on Reclaimed Surface Mines inAbundance of Grassland Sparrows on Reclaimed Surface Mines in cally defensible population estimates for several grass-land bird species and an estimate of the area of suitable umbellata were usually planted in reclaimed sites but often failed to become established. MethodsCited by: 10Development of Soils and Communities of Plants and 07/09/2014& 0183;& 32;F. arundinacea is invasive in West Virginia, is often the dominant grass on reclaimed surface mines Zipper et al. 2011 , and was observed on all sites but R0. This species may become entrenched on PR-AA sites by preferentially delivering C to …Cited by: 8Effects of silvicultural treatments on survival and growth 01/03/2006& 0183;& 32;These grasses and legumes compete with tree seedlings for light, water and nutrients Ashby, 1991 . Consequently, survival and growth of trees planted on reclaimed mine sites if often poor Andersen et al., 1989 . Weed control usually increases survival and growth of trees planted on these reclaimed mine sites Chaney et al., 1995 .Cited by: 110Switchgrass Biofuel Production on Reclaimed Surface Mines: II. …Switchgrass Biofuel Production on Reclaimed Surface Mines: II. Feedstock Quality and Theoretical Ethanol Production Carol Brown1 and Thomas Griggs1 and Ida Holaskova1 and Jeff Skousen1 Published online: 29 July 2015 The Author s 2015. This article is published

Mine reclamation - Wikipedia

Mine reclamation is the process of restoring land that has been mined to a natural or economically usable state. Although the process of mine reclamation occurs once mining is completed, the planning of mine reclamation activities occurs prior to a mine being permitted or started. Mine reclamation creates useful landscapes that meet a variety Reclamation processes& 0183;& 32;United States& 0183;& 32;Germany& 0183;& 32;See also& 0183;& 32;ReferencesLong‐term vegetation recovery on reclaimed coal …2002/12/11& 0183;& 32;Whereas most of the common forest species were present in reclaimed sites, a number of less abundant forest species were not found on reclaimed mines. These were primarily herbs such as Aurora laevigita , Galium circaezans , Trillium grandiflorum and Uvularia pudica , but also included a few woody species such as Amelanchier arborea , Quercus prinus and Vaccinium arboreum.Vegetative Comunitiy Development over 30 years within pine plantations on reclaimed …reclaimed lignite coal surface mine land in East Texas, United States. The open landscape of newly planted loblolly pine plantations on reclaimed mine land was amenable to shade-intolerant herbaceous and grass species but, when the canopy closed, favoredMINE RECLAMATION PRACTICES TO ENHANCE FOREST DEVELOPMENT THROUGH NATURAL SUCCESSION …As the FRA is used on more reclaimed mines, researchers will have the opportunity to improve this technique and further increase the value of reclaimed lands for future generations. 0 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Loose Dumped Rough Grade ConvenGrasshopper sparrow reproductive success and habitat use …2015/7/29& 0183;& 32;The grasslands available on these reclaimed mine complexes are of sufficient quality to support breeding populations of grasshopper sparrows, but nest success decreased on the older reclaimed areas. Without active management, grasslands on reclaimed MTMVF mines become less suitable for nesting grasshopper sparrows about 10 years after reclamation.

Effects of silvicultural treatments on survival and …

This study evaluated the effects of a range of silvicultural treatments on the survival and growth of different tree species planted on reclaimed coal mines in the Appalachians. Three sites were selected for study, one each in Ohio OH , West Virginia WV , and Virginia VA .LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF HERBACEOUS SPECIES AND TREES ONspecies on reclaimed mine soil properties over 20 years, and to compare these herbaceous species’ effects to those produced by planted trees. The herbaceous experimental treatments were installed in summer 1990 on partially reclaimed mine soils. TheDeer Hunting on Reclaimed Strip Mining Land Mossy …2017/9/22& 0183;& 32;But if these strip mines are reclaimed and planted with grasses and pine trees, they often make ideal habitat for whitetails. I have a friend in Walker County Alabama, who has about 2,000 acres leased on some of this strip mined property.How to Restore a Million Acres of Strip-Mined Land? …2019/4/12& 0183;& 32;Many former strip mines are reclaimed with the goal of stabilizing the ground so that it doesn’t all run off with a heavy rainfall. Remnants of the rock and soil removed to expose coal are replaced with new material that’s graded and seeded, often with non& 173;native species like autumn olive, which is known for holding soil.Vegetative material used in reclamation shall consist of grasses, …2005. 7. 14.& 0183;& 32;make grasses an ideal foundation for revegetation and reclamation planting. Grasses have fibrous root systems and provide a relatively dense cover which is important for successful erosion control. For these reasons, a good revegetation program often contains grasses …

Vegetational community development on reclaimed

Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 121 4 , 1994, pp. 327-337 Vegetational community development on reclaimed coal surface mines in Virginia1 Karen D. Holl and John Cairns, Jr.2 Department of Biology and University Center for Environmental and Hazardous Materials Studies,Switchgrass and Miscanthus Biomass and Theoretical Ethanol Production from Reclaimed 2017. 5. 16.& 0183;& 32; Grass and legume species planted 25 years for topsoil to restore Ground cover killed with glyphosate, herbicide before seeding and sprigging . Experimental Setup Switchgrass Switchgrass and Miscanthus Biomass and Theoretical Ethanol Production from Reclaimed Mine …From the Ground Up: Prairies on Reclaimed Mine Land Impacts …2020. 11. 17.& 0183;& 32;On reclaimed mine lands, soils have often su ered from compaction, loss of soil carbon 30 , an increase of geogenic organic carbon coal carbon 31 , land that was restored by planting warm season prairie grasses and forbs within a 2000 ha area, where exotic cool season grasses and forbs were established in reclamation.Establishment and growth of experimental grass species …Additionally, many grass species commonly planted in reclamation have aggressive growth habits that lead to their dominance in coal mine plant communities. The establishment and growth of selected grass mixes was evaluated to determine whether alternative grass mixes would be less competitive with woody and volunteer species as compared to commonly used grass mixes.Long‐term vegetation recovery on reclaimed coal …2002. 12. 11.& 0183;& 32;1 . While reclamation of degraded landscapes is becoming increasingly common, few studies have investigated the long-term effects of reclamation efforts on plant conservation. The goals of this study were to determine whether vegetation communities on reclaimed mines approximate those of the surrounding forest, and to evaluate how intensive reclamation practices used to address short …

The Effects of Clipping on the Biomass Production of …

Abstract. THE EFFECTS OF CLIPPING ON THE BIOMASS PRODUCTION OF NATIVE WARM SEASON GRASSES ON RECLAIMED ABANDONED COAL MINE SOILS James A K Daniel Strip mining leaves behind highly disrupted plant and soil communities. Mined land reclamation returns the land back to a natural or economically usable state, however, reclamation cannot completely restore …Small Mammal Response to Vegetation and Spoil Conditions on a Reclaimed Surface Mine …402 Southeastern Naturalist Vol.7, No. 3 as it negatively impacts tree colonization and survival on reclaimed mines Graves et al. 2000, Torbert and Burger 2000 , which in turn limits structural complexity necessary to support a number of terrestrial flora and fauna. Effective mine reclamation is characterized by the return of pre-miningRuffed grouse brood habitat on reclaimed surface mines …Planting rows of shrubs in addition to the current practice of planting grasses and legumes on surface-mined areas is suggested to create ruffed grouse brood habitat. Human-imprinted ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus chicks were used to evaluate grouse brood food and cover conditions on reclaimed surface mines in northernMine reclamation - Wikipedia2021. 6. 13.& 0183;& 32;Mine reclamation is the process of restoring land that has been mined to a natural or economically usable state. Although the process of mine reclamation occurs once mining is completed, the planning of mine reclamation activities occurs prior to a mine being permitted or started. Mine reclamation … PDF Switchgrass Biofuel Production on Reclaimed Surface Mines Switchgrass Biofuel Production on Reclaimed Surface Mines: I. Soil Quality and Dry Matter Yield Carol Brown1 and Thomas Griggs1 and Travis Keene2 and Mike Marra3 and Jeff Skousen1 Published online: 15 July 2015 The Author s

PDF Vegetative Comunitiy Development over 30 years within pine

reclaimed lignite coal surface mine land in East Texas, United States. The open landscape of newly planted loblolly The open landscape of newly planted loblolly pine plantations on reclaimed mine land was amenable to shade-intolerant herbaceous and grass species but, when PDF E ect of forage grass Pennisetum pedicellatum and legume E ect of forage grass Pennisetum pedicellatum and legume Stylosanthes hamata revegetation on recovery of soil fertility in a reclaimed hazardous waste dump Sneha Kumari1, Jitendra Ahirwal1, and Subodh Kumar Maiti2 1Indian Institute of Technology Indian School of Mines Dhanbad "Evaluation of Small Tree and Shrub Plantings on Reclaimed Abstract Hundreds of acres of mined land are reclaimed annually in West Virginia WV and are planted with hardwood tree species. Forestry and wildlife post-mining land uses require the planting of specific tree species designated by the individual mine permit and planting plan, which generally includes planting of commercially-valuable hardwood species.Wiley Online Library - Grasshopper sparrow reproductive 2015/07/29& 0183;& 32;Without active management, grasslands on reclaimed MTMVF mines become less suitable for nesting grasshopper sparrows about 10 years after reclamation. Published 2015. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the PDF Infiltration and erosion potential on reclaimed bauxite mine Infiltration and erosion potential on reclaimed bauxite mine lands in Jamaica Potentiel d'infiltration et d'& 233;rosion sur des terres restaur& 233;es de mines de bauxite en Jama& 239;que GREENBERG Wendy A.1, WILDING Larry P. 12 1Soil and

Oil sands land reclamation - Energy Edu ion

Temporary reclaimed land has been re-vegetated with grass for the purpose of erosion control, and are not truly reclaimed. They exist essentially to prevent the … PDF Recovery of Native Plant Communities After Miningreclaimed mine sites may be due to the more aggressive groundcovers commonly planted by mining operators during those periods and the invasion of sericea lespe-deza from other reclaimed mine sites into planted cov-scale ofRange Expansion of Sigmodon hispidus Hispid Cotton Rat 2018/01/01& 0183;& 32;These reclaimed mines are planted with a combination of grasses, typically the 5 genera Andropogon bluestem , Argostis bentgrass , Panicum panic grass , Tridens fluffgrass , and Festuca fescue and legumes mostly 5Mixed reviews for oilsands land reclamation track record 2017/09/29& 0183;& 32;In total, the company had planted eight million trees on 3,642 hectares of land being reclaimed by last year. “Reclamation is an ongoing process and it … PDF Switchgrass Biofuel Production on Reclaimed Surface Mines Switchgrass Biofuel Production on Reclaimed Surface Mines: I. Soil Quality and Dry Matter Yield Carol Brown1 and Thomas Griggs1 and Travis Keene2 and Mike Marra3 and Jeff Skousen1 Published online: 15 July 2015 The Author s

Establishment and Growth of Experimental Grass Species

2005/05/17& 0183;& 32;The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 requires that coal mine sites in the United States be reclaimed to establish vegetative cover that is diverse, native, and capable of plant succession. However, there is a question as to whether vegetation established on coal mine sites reclaimed with biosolids is diverse and capable of plant succession. The influx of nutrients with the Effects of silvicultural treatments on survival and growth of 2006/03/01& 0183;& 32;Effective weed control on reclaimed surface mines is required to obtain acceptable survival and growth of planted tree seedlings Torbert and Burger, 2000 . For example, on a surface mine in Indiana, Andersen et al. 1989 found that black walnut and northern red oak survival increased from 4% to 1%, respectively with no weed control to 66% and 48%, respectively with weed control. PDF E ect of forage grass Pennisetum pedicellatum and legume E ect of forage grass Pennisetum pedicellatum and legume Stylosanthes hamata revegetation on recovery of soil fertility in a reclaimed hazardous waste dump Sneha Kumari1, Jitendra Ahirwal1, and Subodh Kumar Maiti2 1Indian Institute of Technology Indian School of Mines Dhanbad PDF Infiltration and erosion potential on reclaimed bauxite mine Infiltration and erosion potential on reclaimed bauxite mine lands in Jamaica Potentiel d'infiltration et d'& 233;rosion sur des terres restaur& 233;es de mines de bauxite en Jama& 239;que GREENBERG Wendy A.1, WILDING Larry P. 12 1Soil and PDF NORTHERN BOBWHITE SURVIVAL RELATED TO Reclaimed mines in Kentucky were planted to non-native species, such as sericea lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata and tall fescue Festuca arundinacea , which do not provide suitable structure for northern bobwhite brood-rearing

The Mining Process Earth Resources Observation and

The Mining Process. The mining process that takes place in the PRB is called surface mining. First, the topsoil is removed. The material above the coal overburden in mining jargon is then removed to expose the coal. The overburden is placed into a previously mined pit. The exposed coal is then scooped out.Coal Controversy In Appalachia - NASA Earth ObservatoryThe center portion of the mine site had been partially reclaimed with grass light green as of 2002. NASA images by Jesse Allen, based on data provided by the Global Land Cover Facility GLCF . Since the late 1990s, environmental groups and coalfield residents have brought lawsuits against coal operators and regulatory agencies over these mines.Reclaimed Flambeau Mine Wisconsin DNR2011/05/17& 0183;& 32;While there are other examples of successfully operated and reclaimed metallic mines in Wisconsin, the Flambeau Mine near Ladysmith in Rusk County is the only example of a metallic mine that was permitted, constructed, operated and reclaimed under the state's existing regulatory framework. The open-pit, copper-gold mine began operations in July From Defiled to Wild--Can a Spent Coal Mine Be Reborn as a 2018/07/11& 0183;& 32;When the coal ran out in Kentucky’s first mountaintop removal MTR mine in the early 1990s, the site met a fate that has become common: The …Switchgrass Biofuel Production on Reclaimed Surface Mines: II. …Switchgrass Biofuel Production on Reclaimed Surface Mines: II. Feedstock Quality and Theoretical Ethanol Production Carol Brown1 and Thomas Griggs1 and Ida Holaskova1 and Jeff Skousen1 Published online: 29 July 2015 The Author s 2015. This article is published

Mine reclamation - Wikipedia

Mine reclamation is the process of restoring land that has been mined to a natural or economically usable state. Although the process of mine reclamation occurs once mining is completed, the planning of mine reclamation activities occurs prior to a mine being permitted or started. Mine reclamation creates useful landscapes that meet a variety Reclamation processes& 0183;& 32;United States& 0183;& 32;Germany& 0183;& 32;See also& 0183;& 32;ReferencesLong‐term vegetation recovery on reclaimed coal …2002/12/11& 0183;& 32;Whereas most of the common forest species were present in reclaimed sites, a number of less abundant forest species were not found on reclaimed mines. These were primarily herbs such as Aurora laevigita , Galium circaezans , Trillium grandiflorum and Uvularia pudica , but also included a few woody species such as Amelanchier arborea , Quercus prinus and Vaccinium arboreum.Vegetative Comunitiy Development over 30 years within pine plantations on reclaimed …reclaimed lignite coal surface mine land in East Texas, United States. The open landscape of newly planted loblolly pine plantations on reclaimed mine land was amenable to shade-intolerant herbaceous and grass species but, when the canopy closed, favoredMINE RECLAMATION PRACTICES TO ENHANCE FOREST DEVELOPMENT THROUGH NATURAL SUCCESSION …As the FRA is used on more reclaimed mines, researchers will have the opportunity to improve this technique and further increase the value of reclaimed lands for future generations. 0 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Loose Dumped Rough Grade ConvenGrasshopper sparrow reproductive success and habitat use …2015/7/29& 0183;& 32;The grasslands available on these reclaimed mine complexes are of sufficient quality to support breeding populations of grasshopper sparrows, but nest success decreased on the older reclaimed areas. Without active management, grasslands on reclaimed MTMVF mines become less suitable for nesting grasshopper sparrows about 10 years after reclamation.

Effects of silvicultural treatments on survival and …

This study evaluated the effects of a range of silvicultural treatments on the survival and growth of different tree species planted on reclaimed coal mines in the Appalachians. Three sites were selected for study, one each in Ohio OH , West Virginia WV , and Virginia VA .LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF HERBACEOUS SPECIES AND TREES ONspecies on reclaimed mine soil properties over 20 years, and to compare these herbaceous species’ effects to those produced by planted trees. The herbaceous experimental treatments were installed in summer 1990 on partially reclaimed mine soils. TheDeer Hunting on Reclaimed Strip Mining Land Mossy …2017/9/22& 0183;& 32;But if these strip mines are reclaimed and planted with grasses and pine trees, they often make ideal habitat for whitetails. I have a friend in Walker County Alabama, who has about 2,000 acres leased on some of this strip mined property.How to Restore a Million Acres of Strip-Mined Land? …2019/4/12& 0183;& 32;Many former strip mines are reclaimed with the goal of stabilizing the ground so that it doesn’t all run off with a heavy rainfall. Remnants of the rock and soil removed to expose coal are replaced with new material that’s graded and seeded, often with non& 173;native species like autumn olive, which is known for holding soil.

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